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Efflorescence can happen for different reasons, such as from rain and snow to incorrect techniques of ground storage.
Efflorescence is a white and powder-like tint that makes a concrete wall lose its beauty. So, it is crucial to know how to remove efflorescence from concrete block walls.
Efflorescence is not permanent on your wall, and you can remove it with the right tools, cleaning solution, and correct technique. For large areas of concrete block, you’ll want to make the scrubbing easier with a drill powered scrubber.
But why does efflorescence occur in the first place? Water and snow are the two main factors behind efflorescence’s occurrence.
It may also happen during home construction. Usually, the concrete block walls absorb excess water.
When the water evaporates from the wall, the salt is left out, and it crystallizes. Which, finally, results in a white or greyish powder-like component.
However, we will guide you with a step by step guide, which will help you remove efflorescence from your walls.
How to Remove Efflorescence from Concrete Block Walls
Step 1: Collect the necessary tools
To remove efflorescence from your concrete block walls, you will need a few handy tools and ingredients.
Step 2: Make a mixture of soap and warm water
First, you’ll need to make a mixture of soap and warm water. Use a bucket with 5 gallons of warm water.
Then, add liquid dish soap – a few drops will be enough. You will need a bristle or paintbrush to scrub the wall.
Dip the brush into the mixture of soap and water. Then, scrub the wall thoroughly.
If you don’t want to manually scrub, you can use an automatic scrubbing brush.
Step 3: Use fresh water after using the mixture
After you are done scrubbing the area with a brush, make sure that you change the water.
Because the water will become dirty with the salt particles as you dip the brush continuously after scrubbing.
After scrubbing the wall with soap and water, don’t forget to rinse the wall with plain water. You can use a clean cloth by dipping it in the water.
You can observe to see if any dirt or efflorescence is left on the wall.
Step 4: Use fans to dry the wall
This is a crucial step, as well as the easiest one. After cleaning the wall with fresh water, you need to dry the wall.
Otherwise, the wall will again absorb the water. And then, the possibility of reoccurrence of efflorescence will increase.
This method is for concrete block walls that are inside your house. In the case of outside walls, you won’t need to use a fan.
You can let the sun and wind dry the walls. Always clean the walls during daylight so that you won’t need to do the extra hassle of drying the walls.
Step 5: Clean with strong chemical products in case of an intense layer of efflorescence
If scrubbing the wall with liquid dish soap and warm water isn’t enough, you can use a chemical cleaner to clean the wall.
You have a couple of options when it comes to a strong cleaner.
First, you can use concentrated cleaning vinegar.
Before using chemical products, you will need to wet the concrete wall. You can use a cloth for small areas or a professional spray for large to wet the wall where efflorescence has appeared.
If the concrete walls are outdoors, you can use a garden sprayer or your garden hose to wet down the wall.
Wetting the wall preps it. It will help prevent the wall from absorbing the chemical components, resulting in a worse situation.
If you follow this step-by-step guide described above, you will be able to remove efflorescence easily from your concrete block walls.
The method will work for both inside and outside concrete walls. However, we will also show you how you can use vinegar to remove efflorescence.
In the last section, you will find the answer to how you can remove efflorescence from your basement wall.
Remove Efflorescence with from Brick with Vinegar
To remove efflorescence with vinegar, you will need to make a solution. Pour the same amount of vinegar and water into a bucket.
If you don’t want to use vinegar, you can instead mix trisodium phosphate with warm water.
Since vinegar is an acid, it reacts against the alkaline properties of efflorescence, and that removes it from the wall.
The process will be similar. Dip a scrubber brush in the water and vinegar mixture and scrub the wall thoroughly.
You can wet the wall with the vinegar solution, or TSP solution, with a professional sprayer and let it sit for about 15 minutes. Then, wash the wall with clean water to remove the excess dirt.
Always clean the wall properly after you are done the scrubbing. Otherwise, the strong smell of vinegar can irritate you.
If there is any residue of the vinegar left on the wall, it will degrade the wall gradually over time. So you will want to thoroughly rinse it with clean water.
White Efflorescence Stains on Retaining Walls
You can take a few steps to prevent white efflorescence from happening in retaining walls. You can add a French drain or a weeping tile.
It is a type of trench that is filled with rocks and gravel. The pipe will redirect water away from a specific area.
That way, the retaining walls will not hold moisture for an extended period that usually results in white efflorescence.
You can take the necessary measures to prevent moisture from entering the soil.
Another thing you should keep in mind is that you need to manage your swimming pool properly, if there is one.
Sometimes, water can leak from the pool or the pipe, which will result in damage to the retaining walls.
How to Remove Efflorescence from Basement Walls
Basements walls are the most common areas where efflorescence occurs. Because the area is usually damp, and it absorbs water quickly.
You can remove efflorescence from basement walls by following a few steps. The first thing you need to do is cover the area with plastic sheets.
Wet the affected areas with warm water. Use a scrub brush to clean the stains. Work in small sections, 2 by 2 feet, so that the water doesn’t get dry before you are done scrubbing.
You can use a scrubber that attaches to a drill to help you work quickly and efficiently.
Lastly, let the wall dry off. Basements can stay damp so make sure to turn on the ventilation and use a floor fan or work shop fan. If using water doesn’t work, you can add equal parts of vinegar in the mixture to get a better result.
Removing efflorescence from concrete block walls isn’t that hard as you think.
With the right tools and techniques, you will be able to get rid of efflorescence in no time. Always be careful while working with any strong chemical products.